PTE & IELTS Academic Writing - Practice Online Paraphrasing Exercises

PTE & IELTS Academic Writing – Practice Online Paraphrasing Exercises

PTE Summarize Written Text – Read the paragraph and summarize it in between 5 to 75 words. Cover the most important points out of the passage. You will have only 10 minutes to complete the task. Here is PTE & IELTS Academic Writing – Practice Online Paraphrasing Exercises.


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PTE & IELTS Academic Writing – Practice Online Paraphrasing Exercises



Read and summarize written text in your words.

Middle Eastern economies range from being very poor (such as Gaza and Yemen) to extremely wealthy nations (such as Qatar and UAE). Overall, as of 2007, according to the CIA World Factbook, all nations in the Middle East are maintaining a positive rate of growth.
According to the World Bank’s World Development Indicators database published on July 1, 2009, the three largest Middle Eastern economies in 2008 were Turkey ($794,228,000,000), Saudi Arabia ($467,601,000,000) and Iran ($385,143,000,000) in terms of Nominal GDP. Regarding nominal GDP per capita, the highest ranking countries are Qatar ($93,204), the UAE ($55,028), Kuwait ($45,920) and Cyprus ($32,745). Turkey ($1,028,897,000,000), Iran ($839,438,000,000) and Saudi Arabia ($589,531,000,000) had the largest economies in terms of GDP-PPP. When it comes to per capita (PPP)-based income, the highest- ranking countries are Qatar ($86,008), Kuwait ($39,915), the UAE ($38,894), Bahrain ($34,662) and cyprus (S29,853). The lowest-ranking country in the Middle East, in terms of per capita income (PPP), is the autonomous Palestinian Authority of Gaza and the West Bank ($1,100).

The economic structure of Middle Eastern nations are different in the sense that while some nations are heavily dependent on export of only oil and oil-related products (such as Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Kuwait), others have a highly diverse economic base (such as Cyprus, lsrael, Turkey and Egypt). Industries of the Middle Eastern region include oil and oil-related products, agriculture, cotton, cattle, dairy, textiles, leather products, surgical instruments, defence equipment (guns, ammunition, tanks, submarines, fighter jets UAVs, and missiles). Banking is also an important sector of the economies, especially in the case of UAE and Bahrain.

SAMPLE RESPONSE: Click Here For Answer

Keynotes or Keywords –

  • Middle east economies – wide range, overall positive growth
  • Three largest economies – Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Iran in terms of Nominal GDP
  • Nominal GDP per capita – Qatar, UAR, Kuwait and Cyprus
  • GDP-PPP – Turkey, Iran, Saudi Arabia
  • PPP – Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Cyprus
  • Lowest – Gaza, West Bank
  • Different economic structures – oil dependent such as Saudi Arabia, UAE Kuwait and diverse base such as Cyprus, Israel, Turkey and Egypt
  • Important industries – oil, agriculture, dairy, textiles, defence equipment, banking


Summarize Written Text Sample Solution –

Countries like Turkey, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait, Cyprus and Iran top most economic rankings in Middle East which has diverse economic structures ranging from countries dependent mainly on oil such as Saudi Arabia, UAE and Kuwait to countries such as Cyrus, lsrael, Turkey and Egypt that have a diverse economic base and whose major industries are oil, agriculture, dairy, textiles, defence equipment and banking.


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Read and summarize written text in your words.

Although not always labeled as such, flexitarianism is the default lifestyle for much of the world, whereby meals based on plant materials provide the bulk of people’s calories. The rich nutrition of meat and animal products is often the lynchpin of these diets, even when only consumed occasionally. It provides forms and concentrations of essential proteins, lipids, and micronutrients that are otherwise scarce.

However, the production of this meat is resource intensive. It requires large quantities of arable land and water and typically has lower conversion efficiency of farm inputs to edible outputs compared with crops, poultry, aquaculture, dairy, and eggs. An additional complication is that the quantity of ancillary products produced during slaughterhouse operations is large and underutilized. Each year, approximately 190 million metric tonnes (MMT) of red meat, including pork, lamb, sheep, veal, beef, and goats are produced globally, half of which will be consumed by less than 25% of the population living in developed countries. With demand for meat expected to exceed 376 MMT by 2030, an increase in the adoption of plant-based diets presents an opportunity for the world to re-evaluate how meat can be sustainably produced, with greater emphasis on animal welfare, nutritional value, product safety, better utilization and distribution channels.

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Related – PTE Academic Summarize Written Text Practice With Answers

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