Summarize Text PTE – IELTS – Summary Paraphrase & Synthesize Writing

PTE Summarize Written Text – Read the paragraph and summarize it in between 5 to 75 words. Cover the most important points out of the passage. You will have only 10 minutes to complete the task. Here is Summarize Text PTE – IELTS – Summary Paraphrase & Synthesize Writing.

 

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Summarize Text PTE – IELTS – Summary Paraphrase & Synthesize Writing

 

QUESTION 1

Read and summarize written text in your words.

YouTube originally offered videos at only one quality level, displayed at a resolution of 320×240 pixels using the Sorenson Spark codec (a variant of H.263), with mono MP3 audio. In June 2007, YouTube added an option to watch videos in 3GP format on mobile phones. In March 2008, a high-quality mode was added, which increased the resolution to 480×360 pixels.

In November 2008, 720p HD support was added. At the time of the 720p launch, the YouTube player was changed from a 4:3 aspect ratio to a widescreen 16:9. With this new feature, YouTube began a switchover to H.264/MPEG-4 AVC as its default video compression format. In November 2009, 1080p HD support was added. In July 2010, YouTube announced that it had launched a range of videos in 4K format, which allows a resolution of up to 4096×3072 pixels. YouTube has since lowered the maximum resolution to 3840×2160 pixels, which is twice as many pixels in both directions as 1080p.

In June 2014, YouTube introduced videos playing at 60 frames per second, in order to reproduce video games with a frame rate comparable to high-end graphics cards. The videos play back at a resolution of 720p or higher.

YouTube videos are available in a range of quality levels. The former names of standard quality (SQ), high quality (HQ) and high definition (HD) have been replaced by numerical values representing the vertical resolution of the video. The default video stream is encoded in the VP9 format with stereo Opus audio; if VP9/WebM is not supported in the browser/device or the browser’s user agent reports Windows XP, then H.264/MPEG-4 AVC video with stereo AAC audio is used instead.

SAMPLE RESPONSE: Click Here For Answer

Keynotes or Keywords –

  • Original quality 320×240 pixels, 2007-3GP on phones, 2008 high quality 480×360
  • Late 2008 HD 720p and introduced widescreen 16:9, 2009-HD 1080p, 2010-4K format and now highest is 3840X2160
  • 2014 – frame rate 60 per second
  • Range of quality levels – both video and audio

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Summarize Written Text Sample Solution –

YouTube video quality and formats have evolved over time starting from 320×240 pixels to 480×360 pixels in 2008, to the introduction of 720p HD in 2008, 1080p HD in 2009, 4K in 2010 and a frame rate 60 per second in 2014 and as of today a number of formats are available for different devices.

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Don’t forget to write your own answer in the comment box.

 

QUESTION 2

Read and summarize written text in your words.

Creativity is commonly thought of as a positive advance for society that transcends the status quo knowledge. Humans display an inordinate capacity for it in a broad range of activities, with art being only one. Most work on creativity’s neural substrates measures general creativity, and that is done with laboratory tasks, whereas specific creativity in art is gleaned from acquired brain damage, largely in observing established visual artists, and some in visual de novo artists (became artists after the damage). The verb “to create” has been erroneously equated with creativity; creativity, in the classic sense, does not appear to be enhanced following brain damage, regardless of etiology.

The turning to communication through art in lieu of language deficits reflects a biological survival strategy. Creativity in art, and in other domains, is most likely dependent on intact and healthy knowledge and semantic conceptual systems, which are represented in several pathways in the cortex. It is adversely affected when these systems are dysfunctional, for congenital reasons (savant autism) or because of acquired brain damage (stroke, dementia, Parkinson’s), whereas inherent artistic talent and skill appear less affected. Clues to the neural substrates of general creativity and specific art creativity can be gleaned from considering that art is produced spontaneously mainly by humans, that there are unique neuroanatomical and neurofunctional organizations in the human brain, and that there are biological antecedents of innovation in animals.

Don’t forget to write your own answer in the comment box.

 

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