Improve PTE IELTS Academic Writing Skills: Summarising & Paraphrasing

PTE Summarize Written Text – Read the paragraph and summarize it in between 5 to 75 words. Cover the most important points out of the passage. You will have only 10 minutes to complete the task. Here is Improve PTE IELTS Academic Writing Skills: Summarising & Paraphrasing.

 

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Improve PTE IELTS Academic Writing Skills: Summarising & Paraphrasing

 

QUESTION 1

Read and summarize written text in your words.

India ranking remains low in gender equality measures by the World Economic Forum, although the rank has been improving in recent years. When broken down into components that contribute the rank, India performs well on political empowerment, but is scored near the bottom with China on sex selective abortion. India also scores poorly on overall female to male literacy and health rankings. India with a 2013 ranking of 101 out of 136 countries had an overall score of 0.6551, while Iceland, the nation that topped the list, had an overall score of 0.8731 (no gender gap would yield a score of 1.0). Gender inequalities impact India’s sex ratio, women’s health over their lifetimes, their educational attainment, and economic conditions. It is a multifaceted issue that concerns men and women alike.

The labor force participation rate of women was 80.7% in 2013. Nancy Lockwood of Society for Human Resource Management, the world’s largest human resources association with members in 140 countries, in a 2009 report wrote that female labor participation is lower than men, but has been rapidly increasing since the 1990s. Out of India’s 397 million workers in 2001, 124 million were women, states Lockwood.

India is on target to meet its Millennium Development Goal of gender parity in education before 2016. UNICEF’s measure of attendance rate and Gender Equality in Education Index (GEEI) capture the quality of education. Despite some gains, India needs to triple its rate of improvement to reach GEEI score of 95% by 2015 under the Millennium Development Goals. A 1998 report states that rural India girls continue to be less educated than the boys.

SAMPLE RESPONSE: Click Here For Answer

Keynotes or Keywords –

  • Indian ranking in gender equality-low though improving, well on political empowerment, worse on sex selective abortion
  • Gender inequality impacts sex ration, women’s health, education etc.
  • Women working has been increasing rapidly since 1990s
  • Education India on target to meet the Millennium Development Goal of equality in education but must triple the rate of improvement

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Summarize Written Text Sample Solution –

India’s ranking in gender equality is low overall but improving in areas such as political empowerment and economy where number of working women has been increasing rapidly since 1990s and also education in which India is on target to meet the Millennium Development Goal of equality in Education though it must triple the rate of improvement to reach that goal by 2016.

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Don’t forget to write your own answer in the comment box.

 

QUESTION 2

Read and summarize written text in your words.

When most people think of the hygienist, the first thing that comes to mind is a professional tooth clean –a scale and polish. In fact, this is just one of the important roles a dental hygienist plays. They are also instrumental in tackling and preventing tooth decay and gum disease.

The advice can include the type of toothbrush to use, specific brushing and flossing techniques customised to your individual needs, and the use of special tools such as interdental brushes. Your hygienist can also provide health advice, including how too much sugar in your diet will be bad news for your teeth.

You should always follow your hygienist’s advice. Top tips for taking care of your teeth and gums at home include:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day using a fluoride toothpaste
  • Don’t brush them immediately after eating or drinking anything but water – you should wait an hour after meals
  • Use dental floss and/or interdental brushes as directed
  • Never use your teeth to open bottles, to hold anything, or indeed for any other purpose other than biting or chewing food.

Gum disease is a series problem, which can cause issues such as bad breath and gums that bleed after tooth brushing in the early stages. If it is left untreated, it can develop into the more serious form of periodontal disease, which can lead to loosening of tooth ligaments, and ultimately to tooth loss.

Don’t forget to write your own answer in the comment box.

 

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