Food Security in India Essay
Today we are going to write a general essay on food security in India essay. Recently the essay was asked in one of the competitive exams. We added food security in India essay 300 words for students of class 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. You may also get what is the importance of food security essay or resource management and food security essay.
Food Security in India Essay
In simple language, food security means availability of sufficient food grains to meet the domestic demand as well as access at the individual level, to adequate quantities of food at affordable prices.
Food security ensures when all people at all times have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preference for an active and healthy life. Food Security has three important and closely related components, which are the availability of food, access to food, and absorption of food.
Despite rapid economic growth in recent years, economic access to food by people living below the poverty line remains problematic in India. More than 50 per cent children and infants are malnourished and around half of pregnant women are anaemic. India has been ranked 97th in 118 countries in the Global Hunger index in 2016. Now there are many challenges against the availability of food grains in India. Environmental conditions like a flood, drought, depletion in soil fertility, erosion and water logic create hindrance in the smooth running of the agricultural activities. Due to increase in population, agrarian areas are occupied for housing and other activities. Further scope for increase in net sown area is limited.
Despite these difficulties, revolutionary self sufficiency in food was achieved with the Green Revolution in the late 1960s and 1970s by India. The White Revolution (Operation Food) and structural transformation in agriculture have helped to ensure food security to a large extent. To ensure physical and economic access of food to all sections of the society, especially for the poor Government of India launched the Public Distribution System (PDS) during the 1960s. Many other schemes like “Mid Day Meal Scheme” in 1995 for school children, “Antyoday Ann Yojana” in 2000 for poorest of the poor and National Food Security Act 2013 etc. to provide food and nutritional security to every section of the country.
The power and potential of science and innovation promise hope for sustainable food and nutritional security through enhanced production and productivity of crops and livestock including fisheries. Biotechnological advance in agriculture many improve soil production through the employment of environment friendly tools for insect and pest management.
It is hoped that these endeavours will take care of India’s concern for national and household nutritional and food security, reducing poverty at a rapid rate, and achieving accelerated growth of the agricultural sector, and in turn of the whole economy.
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