Disaster Management Essay in English

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Disaster Management Essay

Disaster Management Essay in English

Disaster Management Essay in 100 Words

Disaster management refers to protecting and saving as many lives and property as we can during the occurrence of natural or man-made disasters. It is a multi-faceted program which deals with issues such as floods, hurricanes, cyclones, fires, earthquakes, droughts and landslides. These disasters and some man-made occurrences result is the massive scale of lives being lost and property getting damaged. Disaster management teaches us the art of trying to reduce the harm caused by disasters. India has set up various institutions that deal with the disaster management. Institutes like National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) are specifically set up for this reason only. It is a tough process, intense research and precautionary measures need to be taken, to timely combat the situation.

Disaster Management Essay in 150 Words

Disasters are a very common occurrence in the society. Disasters come in varied forms. Even varied, these things affect the species greatly, leaving no stones unturned. It affects the lives of all the strata’s of society. According to a latest development in the World Disaster Reports, these calamities have been taking place more frequently and are more intense than ever. As technology progresses, the force of disasters are also changing rapidly.

Because of its geographical formation and geographical location, india is highly disaster prone country. The nation has faced a lot of disasters varying from floods, droughts, earthquakes, cyclones, tsunami, landslides etc. all these calamities have taken a toll on the people affected by these. A large chunk of the property has been damaged and thousands of people have been displaced from the homes. The government has set up various institutions to combat these situations and have come up with various measure and guidelines to keep people safe and aware on how to deal with these calamities.

Disaster Management Essay in 200 Words

Disasters are an unexpected commotion that troubles the functioning of a state or region. It causes great amount of damage to the humans, animals, environment as well as property. Disasters can natural as well as man-made.

Disaster management is a strategy developed to deal with such problems. It is there to make efforts to decrease the hazards caused by such things. There are various institutions set up by the government to conduct research and development concerning these disasters and come up with new ways to battle and reduce the damage that has happened to the society and the lives of people.

National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has been set up to keep a tab and send out immediate responses towards man-made and natural disasters. The organisation runs various programs regarding improvement and responsiveness towards these life-threatening situations. National cyclone risk management project, school safety project, decision support system are few of the programs that are run by the NDMA.

So far, we have seen the lack of preparation and alertness from the NDMA whenever a disaster has struck the nation. Hence, the NDMA must make more efforts to increase their efficiency to reduce the losses caused by the disasters. The people of the country must also band together and become more on how to battle with these situation.

Disaster Management Essay in 250 Words

By a disaster, we mean, an unexpected, cataclysmic occurrence that disturbs the running of a community or society and causes human, material, and environmental losses that take a lot of time to recover from and are known to cause the population and property an immense amount of risk and damages that takes a lot of time to recover. So, disaster management basically refers to the art of protecting and preserving lives and property during a natural disaster.

The disasters are usually caused by nature, some misshapes do take place because of man-made follies. India is known to be susceptible to the natural disasters because of the country’s unique geo-climatic environment. Floods, earthquakes and droughts are a common occurrence.

In India, 59% of the landmass is prone to earthquakes. Over 40 million hectares of land is prone to floods and droughts are also a continuous occurrence that happens once or twice a year on a regular basis. According to national research, from the years1990-2000, 4344 people lost their lives and 30 million people were affected gravely by the disasters every year. That is why disaster management is an essential part of our.

The government and the citizens must all be prepared when a disaster strikes. The government needs to put more efforts, resources and manpower into the disaster management institutions, so we are taught on how to deal with such grave situations. The government also needs to be prepared themselves, on how to provide the rescue services and reaching the affecting area before the calamity strikes.

Disaster Management Essay in 300 Words

Disaster, whether natural or man-made, have been part of man’s evolution since time immemorial. Disaster often strikes without warnings like tsunami, cyclone, earthquake, flood, accidents, plane crash, forests fires, chemical disaster etc. which results in huge loss of lives and property. The plans and measures to mitigate and prevent the impact of the disaster are called disaster management.

The term disaster management includes all aspects of preventive and protective measures, preparedness and relief operations for mitigating the impact of the disaster. The whole process of disaster management can be divided into two phases: the first one is, Pre-disaster planning. This includes prevention, mitigation and preparedness focused on reducing the human and property losses caused by a potential hazard.

In case of the super cyclone in Odisha, 1999 we lost more than 13000 lives with huge damage to property. Whereas, in 2013, when cyclone phylum hit, which was kind of repeat strong 1999 cyclone with almost similar intensity. But the impact was entirely opposite of 1999. The number of death toll reduced to just 22. This is due to pre-disaster planning.

The second one is post-disaster activities. This includes response, recovery and reconstruction. The response phase included the search and rescue, evacuation, fulfilling the basic need of the victims, immediate medical help assistance by regional, national and International bodies. The immediate goal of the recovery phase is to bring the affected areas back to some degree of normalcy. For reducing disaster impact, in resource-scarce nations, it is important to make ex-ante risk reduction investment in development planning. Moving from risk blind to a risk-informed decision for making investment would be a prudent choice.

We cannot stop disaster but we can minimise them and arm ourselves with knowledge so that too many lives wouldn’t have to be lost.

Disaster Management Essay in 350 Words

Disaster management is defined as the process of saving and protecting mankind and property from the atrocities of natural and man-made disasters. Many times natural disasters like floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, cyclones, droughts, and landslides cause great harm to people and their property and result in massive destruction.

Therefore, disaster management is the art of reducing the impact of disasters on human life and property. Disaster management is basically divided into four stages namely mitigation, attentiveness, reaction, and recovery. It is obvious that we cannot stop natural disasters from occurring but we can always take some steps to reduce the amount of damage it causes to the earth. Hence, management is all about lessening the damage up to a greater extent.

There are ways through which we can manage the disasters some of which are:

One must be aware of the disasters and hazards that may occur in a particular area. Usually, disasters occur according to certain geographical locations so one should know that their area is prone to which type of disasters so that they can take various precautions and can prevent themselves from emergency conditions.

Connect with people through social media and get information from the experts who are aware of preventive measures and techniques.

You must have a first aid kit in a store that can help you in an emergency situation. Also, try to keep in-stock food and other essential items that can help you during the disaster.

In order to ensure your safety and security, you must keep in touch with your friends or family who live far from your disaster-hit area so that in case you are evacuated, you can take shelter in their home.

Buying flood insurance, using heavy furniture in the house are some of the other ways to reduce the impact of disasters on your family.

In conclusion, the government and other organizations must make efforts to provide disaster management and follow various methodologies to secure people and their property from the disasters.

Disaster Management Essay 500 Words


The mother has many demonstrations- compassionate as well as aggressive. Its kind to the mankind most of the times but there are times, where it can aggressive. And when it gets aggressive, it is known to bring about catastrophic devastation that is commonly known as disaster.

Definition of disaster

According to the Cambridge Dictionary, “A disaster is an event that results in great harm and causes damage, death or serious difficulty.”


The word ‘Disaster’ is derived from the middle French word ‘desastre’. The origin of this French word comes from the Ancient Greek word “Dus” which means ‘bad’ and “Aster” which means ‘star’. The root of the word disaster comes from the astrological sense of a calamity blamed on the positions of the planets.

Categorization of disasters

The disasters are categorized into two types:

  1. Natural disasters
  2. Man-made disasters

Natural disasters:

A natural disaster is an unfavourable event that results from natural processes of the Earth. A natural disaster or calamity can cause damage to property and loss of life. Tsunami, floods, cyclones, droughts, earthquakes are some of the examples of a natural calamity. Apart from the loss of life, these disasters leave a lot of economic damage in its wake.

Man-made disasters

Man-made disasters are the ramifications of technological hazards. Fires, transport accidents, nuclear explosions, terrorist attacks, oil spills and war all fall into this category.

Disasters in India:

No country is safe from the disasters, so is India. Due to its geographical location and diverse climates, India is a highly disaster prone country. The country has faced a lot of disasters ranging from earthquakes, cyclones, droughts, floods, windstorms and landslides etc. There have been a few recent disasters in India such as the floods in Kerala, cyclones in Tamil Nadu, earthquakes in North India. The gas tragedy in Bhopal is an example of a technology related disaster that took place in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh in 1994.


The after-effects of a disaster can be deadly. There is a huge loss of life of humans as well as the livestock. Damage of property is also a repercussion of the disasters that take place.

Disaster Management:

Disaster management can be defined as the organisation and management of responsibilities and resources for dealing with the humanitarian aspects of emergency, to lessen the impact of disasters.

In India:

In India, the government has set up various institutions, funds to lessen the impact of disasters on the people of the affected areas and the country. Organisations like National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Central Water Commission (CWC) are working tirelessly to aid and do conducive research in combating and helping the people during disasters in the best way possible.

Due to the lack of coordination and communication between the state and central government, the resources and the manpower take more time than usual. Another reason is the lack of resources available.


As disasters cannot be avoided, we can always be prepared for them beforehand. And for that, we need to be up to date with the latest technologies so the impact on the lives of people, animals and plants can be lessened.

Disaster Management Essay 600 Words

India, due to its geographical locations and geological formations, is a highly disaster-prone country. Its long coastline, snow clad high peaks, high mountain ranges, the perennial rivers in the north all combine to add to this problem. India, which has only two percent the total geographical area, has to support 16 percent of total world population. Naturally, there is a tremendous pressure on the natural resources, which directly or indirectly lead to the occurrence of disasters, namely floods, droughts, landslides, earthquakes, etc.

Like human population, India has to support large cattle population, which also heavily depends on biomass and graze into the forest area. The forest cover with more than 0.4 density is 12 percent of the land area, through forest, at present, is 23 per cent. Due to overgrazing, the quality of the soil is also degrading resulting in soil erosion, silting of rivers, removal of fertile soil and heavy silting of cultivable land. We see heavy rainfall during the monsoon, sometimes 100 cm rain in 36 hours or getting the whole monsoon rain two to three days like the ones in Maharashtra, Gujarat and Kolkata. From the region-wise analysis, it is clear that northern region of India is faced with problems of avalanches, landslides, floods, drought and earthquakes because this region falls under the seismic zones III and V. The Eastern region is confronted with the heavy floods in the perennial river of Brahmaputra, Ganga, etc. Drought, heat wave, hailstorm, earthquake are also common in this region.

The Northeastern region faces the natural disaster in the form of flood, landslides, wind outrage, earthquake as most of this part of the country comes under the seismic zones IV and V. The Western region is widely known for severe drought, wind erosion and land and soil, flood and cyclone. This area is also prone to earthquakes. The Southern region, particularly the coastal region is vulnerable to cyclones, sea erosion, tsunami, landslides. The islands of Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep are confronted with the problem of sea erosion and tsunami. India coastal area faced some of the sea erosion and tsunami. India coastal area faced some of the severest cyclones both in Eastern coast and Western coast.

India has faced a number of disasters, ranging from flood, earthquakes, cyclones, tsunami, drought, landslides. A few recent disasters faced by India include Uttar Kashi earthquake in UP in 1991, Latur earthquake in Maharashtra in 1993, Chamah earthquake in Gujarat, a super cyclone in Orissa in 1999, Bhuj earthquake in Gujarat in 2001, Tsunami in 2004 and Mumbai-Gujarat flood in 2005. Besides, India has a bad experience of technology-related tragedy in the form of gas tragedy in Bhopal in 1984. India also faced the problem of Plague in Gujarat.

At the state level, there is a State Level Disaster Management Committee consisting of senior secretaries of various departments and representatives of the NGOs. At the national level, there is a Crisis Management Committee headed by the Cabinet Secretary and secretaries from major departments of governments. In 1999 a high powered Committee on Disaster Management was set up by the Government of India to look into the existing disaster management system in the country and to suggest measures to improve it. Besides, a Calamity Relief Fund has been constituted with a contribution in ratio 3:1 between the Centre and the respective State Government. The Eleventh Finance Commission has recommended nearly Rs. 11,000 crore for the period spread over five years, while the Twelfth Finance Commission has also recommended a Rs 23,000 crore assistance for the states.

Disaster Management has assumed great importance in recent times. To handle the situation efficiently, we need to be well-equipped with the latest technologies. It cannot avert the situation but can mitigate its impacts.

Disaster Management Essay 800 Words


India is a disaster prone country. The earth has many manifestations- most of the times it’s going smooth, sometimes it can be hostile. When it gets hostile, it is known to bring about a catastrophe that could wreak havoc to a country or a region. This type of devastation is known as disaster.

Definition of disaster:

Disasters are the repercussions of natural or man-made hazards. Since we cannot disasters from coming, but we can always stay prepared and curb the effects by proper management in order to reduce the loss of lives and assets.


The word ‘Disaster’ is derived from the middle French word ‘desastre’. The origin of this French word comes from the Ancient Greek word “Dus” which means ‘bad’ and “Aster” which means ‘star’. The root of the word disaster comes from the astrological sense of a calamity blamed on the positions of the planets.

 Types of disasters:

Disasters are of two types: natural and man-made.

  1. Natural disasters:

A natural disaster is an unfavourable event results from the natural processes of the earth. Tsunami, floods, earthquakes, cyclones, droughts, landslides are some of the examples of a natural disaster.

  1. Man-made disasters:

Man-made disasters are the ramifications of technological hazards. Fires, transport accidents, nuclear explosions, terrorist attacks, oil spills and war, all fall into this category.

Meaning of disaster management:

Disaster Management is the discipline by which man makes constant efforts to decrease the damage caused by the disasters. There are two types of disasters: natural and man-made.

Disaster management can broadly be divided into three parts, before, during and after the disaster.

  1. Pre-disaster Management:

It is related to the rescue even before the disaster strikes. The main motive of this is to lessen the impact and curb the loss of human life and other species. The Pre-Disaster Management includes development of information technology, assessment of disaster, and issuance of warning to the people through radio and media etc. in case a disaster strikes, transportation of the people to a safe place, mobilization of resources for necessary action.

  1. Management during disasters:

The accomplishment of this phase is contingent to the level of preparation of the pre disaster management phase. This depends on the swift action and the coordination of the victims during the time of the calamity and safely transporting them to safety shelters. In this phase; food, clothing, shelter and health facilities are provided to the aggrieved people.

  1. Post Disaster management:

Reconstruction, redevelopment of the affected areas is conducted. The affected people are given rehabilitation, employment and compensation to help them get back to their feet.

Institutions in India:

National disaster management authority (NDMA): National Disaster Management Authority is an agency of the Ministry of Home Affairs whose main purpose is to coordinate response to natural and man-made disasters. The organisation was established through the disaster management act introduced by the government of india in 2005. The agency is accountable for framing policies, laying down guidelines and coordinating with the State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs) to ensure a holistic and dispersed approach to disaster management.

National Remote Sensing Centre:

National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) is one of the centres of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). NRSC manages data from aerial and satellite sources.

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR):

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the top body in India for the formulation, organization and endorsement of biomedical research. It is one of the oldest and largest medical research bodies in the world. The ICMR is funded by the Government of India through the Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

Central Water Commission (CWS):

The Commission is allotted with the responsibilities of initiating, coordinating and furthering in consultation for the State governments especially during the times when a calamity strikes. It is therefore, entrusted with the coordination of schemes for control, conservation and utilization of water resources throughout the country, for purpose of flood control, irrigation, navigation, and drinking water supply and water power development.

Prevention and Control:

Natural disasters are unstoppable; we cannot stop them from happening even if we have all the technology to predict the disasters from taking place. The best thing we can do to avoid upcoming disasters is to avoid the practices that may lead towards environmental degradation.

Disasters lead to massive destruction, loss of life, displacement of people. During that time, being prepared comes off as a good thing by providing people with first aid facilities to the affected people. We can control an escalating situation is to provide rescue and relief to the people.


In order to deal with a disaster, we need to be well-equipped with the latest technologies. We should be well informed and briefed on the topic of disaster management. We should work in tandem with the aid and the government. That’s how we can deal with the aftermath of a disaster.

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