Fresh water resources diminish in large cities in the world each year, What are the causes of this crucial problem? What are the solutions?
By 2030, the world is going to face acute water shortage. We’ll have only 60% of the water we need.
Don’t be surprised, it was bound to happen. Around 1.1 billion people don’t have access to fresh water and those who are lucky to have access to water don’t really learn the value of water.They might understand it but don’t value it.
What could be the possible reasons of water scarcity? There are numerous reasons. Human kind overuses water. Overuse can be for animals, irrigation, land, recreational act or any other activities without giving a thought to its effects on our environment. Water pollution is a huge problem especially at places where the sewage system is not good. Factories dump their waste into water bodies which not only causes water pollution but also the death of sea animals too. Hundreds of gallons of water are wasted in the shower.
We need water too survive as much as we need air. Without water, you can’t eat anything. If there’s no water how are you gonna irrigate your land or your crops? No water to bath, no water to wash clothes, to cook, to drink, for sanitation. What’ s gonna happen then? We’ll catch diseases, die of thirst and hunger, would kill our own brothers and sisters for water. There would be a chaos all over the world.
Can’t we do anything to prevent this situation? Of course, we can. People are coming up with amazing methods to conserve water like desalination of water, recycling sewage water making it fit for even drinking, ground water recharge, rain water harvesting, dry bath in which you use gel instead of water which is as good as cleaning with water. You ‘ll feel the same level hygiene. Just fixing those dripping taps can save 3,000 gallons per year. Taking such small measures can make a huge difference, provided we start acting now.
It is a well-known fact that our planet earth has 70% of water and only 30% of land surface. However, shortage of fresh drinking water in large cities becomes a very crucial problem in the upcoming time. There are several reasons behind this critical problem. In this essay I will discuss the root cause of this problem and eventually the solutions to mitigate this problem.
Firstly, humans are solely responsible for this crucial water shortage problem. The world human population is growing rapidly. On the other hand, on the name of pseudo development, we are cutting the trees and mountains, building the roads, houses and industries. Similarly, humans are also polluting the water that eventually causes the death of many aquatic wild lives. Moreover, industries are dumping the dirty water without cleaning into the rivers that further ultimately merge into the ocean. As a result, the marine flora and fauna lives are rapidly reducing.
In order to solve this fresh water crisis in large cities, we must have to use the water judicially. The government must release some guidelines about the preservation of the rain waters. Every house should have the underground water tanks, which could be filled during the rainy seasons. Moreover, every city must have a distinct number of ponds and water reservoirs based on the population of that city. Those water reservoirs should be used to preserve the water for the crisis period. The government must provide support to the farmers to build the ponds and wells, so that they should not be fully dependent on the ground water for the farm irrigation.
In conclusion, the scarcity of the drinking water problem is growing rapidly in cities. It is the humans; those are responsible for this water crisis. In order to sort out this problem, every citizen along with the government must save the groundwater and preserve the rain water for the crisis period. Similarly, everyone beware about the importance of water preservation, and children at school must learn how to use water judicially. Moreover, the government must issue some precautionary guidelines about how to use and preserve the water.