PTE Summarize Written Text – Best Solutions & Guidance From Expert
Paragraph 1 – A pen is a writing implement used to apply ink to a surface, such as paper, for writing or drawing. Historically, reed pens, quill pens, and dip pens were used, with a nib dipped in ink. Ruling pens allow precise adjustment of line width and still find a few specialized uses, but technical pens such as the Rapido graph are more commonly used. Modern times also include ballpoint, roller ball, fountain, and left or ceramic tip pens.
Explanation – This is introduction paragraph about pens. So in this paragraph, it’s talking about different types of pens.
Paragraph 2 – You might have seen a pen in the pocket of an accomplished person. For intellectuals, it is not merely a fashionable device to decorate their pockets, it represents the power – the power of freedom of speech.
Explanation – In paragraph 2, he told why accomplished people wear those pens because it represents the power “The power of freedom of speech”. This line is very important and you are not supposed to miss it.
Paragraph 3 – “The pen is mightier than the sword” indicated that communication (particularly written language), or in some interpretations, administrative power or advocacy of an independent press, is a more effective tool than direct violence.
Explanation – So in this paragraph, they have conveyed the message related to the importance of pen. If you don’t know the meaning of “interpretation”, just substitute it with something. Overall, when you read the whole paragraph, you understand what it’s trying to say.
So in this scenario, suppose if you try to summarize like “A pen is a device which is used for writing and it has several types, some of them were used in old times while others are used in modern times.” Then you will get zero mark – because you haven’t mentioned anything important, you just read the first paragraph and you wrote your summary on the basis of the first paragraph related to the types of pens.
“A pen is a writing device which has numerous types and it is often worn by accomplished people as a symbol of freedom of speech.” Then you will get one mark because you have mentioned one important line here along with one aspect of the paragraph.
“A pen is considered mightier than the sword to indicate that the written communication is more effective than violence and this is the reason it is worn by intellectuals as a symbol of freedom of speech.” This is conveying the correct meaning of the paragraph.
In most of the times in PTE, we have noticed that first two paragraphs are not related to the third paragraph. In third paragraph and final paragraph in PTE, they have always mentioned a new idea or a contrary fact something like a central idea. Make sure you have studied the last paragraph properly because it will help you in summary writing. Don’t write your summary based on the first paragraphs.