PTE Academic Writing Summarize Written Text Practice Sample example 8

PTE Summarize Written Text – Read the paragraph and summarize it in between 5 to 75 words. Cover the most important points out of the passage. You will have only 10 minutes to complete the task. Here is PTE Academic Writing Summarize Written Text Practice Sample example 8.

 

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PTE Academic Writing Summarize Written Text Practice Sample example 8

PTE Academic Writing Summarize Written Text Practice Sample example 8

  • 8. – Read and summarize written text in your words.

In many countries, there is a gender income gap which favors males in the labor market. For example, the median full-time salary for U.S. women is 77% of that of U.S. men. Several factors other than discrimination may contribute to this gap. On average, women are more likely than men to consider factors other than pay when looking for work, and may be less willing to travel or relocate. Thomas Sowell, in his book Knowledge and Decisions, claims that this difference is due to women not taking jobs due to marriage or pregnancy, but income studies show that that does not explain the entire difference. A U.S. Census’s report stated that in US once other factors are accounted for there is still a difference in earnings between women and men. The income gap in other countries ranges from 53% in Botswana to 40% in Bahrain.

Gender inequality and discrimination is argued to cause and perpetuate poverty and vulnerability in society as a whole. Gender Equity Indices seek to provide the tools to demonstrate this feature of equity.

19th century socialists like Robert Owen, William Thompson, Anna Wheeler and August Bebel argued that the economic inequality between genders was the leading cause of economic inequality; however Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels believed that the inequality between social classes was the larger cause of inequality.

SAMPLE RESPONSE: Click Here For Answer

Keynotes or Keywords –

Paragraph 1 – Income inequality between the genders and some reasons why women suffer that
Paragraph 2 – This gender inequality leads to wider income inequality in society
Paragraph 3 – Some researchers say gender inequality is the leading cause of income inequality while others disagree

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Summarize Written Text Sample Solution –

Income inequality between women and men is often attributed to factors such as the women preferences for shorter commute or not working after marriage or pregnancy and remains high in most of the world and is thought to be the major reason for economic equality in the society though some researchers argue against it.

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