PTE Writing Essay Task 2 – Nuclear energy is a better choice for meeting increasing demand. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Sample Essay –
To meet the energy demand of the world’s population, nuclear power plants were set up. Why? What went wrong with the use of fossil fuels?
The rate of consumption of fossils is much more than the rate of their production. The burning of the fossil fuels causes the emission of green house gases which results in global warming. The rate at which fossils are being used up to meet the energy demands, we’re going to run out of this natural resource soon.
Then from where could the energy be produced? From nuclear power plants. The nuclear power plants don’t need fossils to generate energy, no emission of green house gases, a large amount of energy is generated at cheap rates. Almost 90% of the energy demand is met with nuclear energy.
These are the pros of nuclear energy but the cons can not be ignored. The nuclear waste which these plants produce is radioactive and takes decades to decompose/disintegrated. It can not be dumped anywhere. The danger of working in a nuclear power plant is huge. Chernobyl and Fukushima nuclear accidents are the worst. Any wrong decision and questionable experiment can cause a nuclear accident which would claim many lives.
Despite these facts, the advantages which nuclear power plants have, the energy which they produce is not comparable to the energy produced by any other source. We can try to make these plants safer.
Nuclear fission is used to generate nuclear power in the nuclear power plants. If nuclear fusion is used, the waste produced would be less and the chances of nuclear explosion due to chain reactions would be low.